Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) arises from the cells at the bottom (or basal) part of the outer layer of the skin.
- is known as a non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC)
- is the most common and least dangerous form of skin cancer
- appears as a round or flattened lump or scaly area
- is red, pale or pearly in colour
- grows slowly, usually on the head, neck and upper torso
- may become ulcerated as it grows
- appears on skin most often exposed to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) - the head, neck, forearms and upper body
- is usually able to be treated if detected early
- In 2002, 96 per cent of people with BCC were aged 40 years or older1
- 296,000 new cases of BCC were estimated to have been diagnosed in 20082
1 National Cancer Control Initiative 2003. The 2002 national non-melanoma skin cancer survey: A report by the NCCI Non-melanoma Skin Cancer Working Group for the state and territory cancer councils. Melbourne. NCCI
2 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and Australasian Association of Cancer Registries (2008). Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2008. AIHW cat. no. CAN 32. Canberra, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.